How is protein synthesis different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes? A. In prokaryotes, proteins are not formed. B. In

Question

How is protein synthesis different in prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

A. In prokaryotes, proteins are not formed.
B. In prokaryotes, transcription and translation happen at the same time.
C. In prokaryotes, DNA is in a long strand.
D. In prokaryotes, transcription does not need to happen.

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2022-04-30T11:54:49+00:00 2 Answers 0

Answers ( 2 )

  1. Faith
    0
    2022-04-30T11:55:57+00:00

    In prokaryotes, transcription and translation happen at the SAME TIME (Option B).

    Prokaryotic cells do not have membrane-enclosed cell nuclei, thereby the genetic material is located in the cytoplasm.

    Coupled transcription-translation is a hallmark of prokaryotic gene expression, which occurs in the cytoplasm.

    Coupled transcription-translation is a process by which ribosomes bind and translate nascent messenger RNAs (mRNAs) whose gene transcription has not terminated yet.

    In conclusion, in prokaryotes, transcription and translation happen at the SAME TIME (Option B).

    Learn more in:

    https://brainly.com/question/4122859?referrer=searchResults

  2. Josephine
    0
    2022-04-30T11:56:25+00:00

    Answer:

    The correct answer is option B

    Explanation:

    Translation is the process of synthesis of proteins from mRNA in organisms and transcription is the process of synthesis of mRNA from DNA.

    Both prokaryote and eukaryotes shows the presence of translation but both shows many differences in the process of protein synthesis like site of transcription and translation as in eukaryotes transcription takes place in nucleus while translation takes place in cytoplasm. Since prokaryote lacks the nucleus, both transcription and translation takes place in cytoplasm and lacks the process related to post-translational modifications due to which they take place at the same time.

    Thus, option B is the correct answer.

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